This book chapter appears in Aulakh, P.S. and Kelly, P.F. (2019). Mobilities of Labour and Capital in Asia: Spatialities, Institutions, and Cultures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
A version of this graphic saw use in Cardenas, K. and Kelly, P.F. “Shifting Urban Contours: Understanding a World of Growing and Shrinking Cities.” in A. Bain and L. Peake (eds.) (2017). Urbanization in a Global Context: Canadian Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.